What are the available Voice Services in 5G?

  • In essence, 5G Standalone (SA) supports EPS Fallback and VoNR, while 5G Non-Standalone (NSA) supports VoLTE and CSFB.

    • In 5G, the availability of specific solutions for the voice service depends upon the Base Station architecture.
    • The solutions associated with each architecture are summarized in the figure below.
    • All architectures support OTT applications because these only require a data connection, which can be either an EPS Bearer towards the 4G core network or a PDU Session towards the 5G core network.
    • For 3/3a/3x, it’s 4G Master Node connected to 4G core for legacy voice. CS Fallback and VoLTE work, but CS Fallback may have slight delays due to extra signaling for 5G Secondary Node.
    • For 2 and 4/4a, it’s 5G Master Node connected to 5G core, requiring new 5G voice solutions like VoNR. No CS Fallback: alternatives are EPS Fallback (4G) and RAT Fallback (5G).
    • EPS Fallback redirects UE to LTE Base Station on 4G core, while RAT Fallback redirects UE to 5G Base Station on 5G core.
  • Notes:

    • CS Fallback is not supported when using the 5G core network.
    • The release 15 version of the 3GPP specifications does not support SRVCC for 5G. Speech service continuity at locations with noncontiguous 5G coverage relies upon Packet Switched inter-system handover towards 4G. SRVCC can then be completed from 4G if necessary.
    • SRVCC from 5G to 3G (UTRAN) is planned for the release 16 version of the 3GPP specifications.
  • Data Source:

    • 5G NR in Bullets

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